Accumulated evidence suggests that binding kinetic properties-especially dissociation rate constant or drug-target residence time-are crucial factors affecting drug potency. However, quantitative prediction of kinetic properties has always been a challenging task in drug discovery. In this study, the VolSurf method was successfully applied to quantitatively predict the koff values of the small ligands of heat shock protein 90α (HSP90α), adenosine receptor (AR) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK). The results showed that few VolSurf descriptors can efficiently capture the key ligand surface properties related to dissociation rate; the resulting models demonstrated to be extremely simple, robust and predictive in comparison with available prediction methods. Therefore, it can be concluded that the VolSurf-based prediction method can be widely applied in the ligand-receptor binding kinetics and de novo drug design researches.
This work describes an example of using Linear Regression of Kinetic Data with Chemical Descriptors in kinetic calculations.