Stefano Motta, Lara Callea, Sara Giani Tagliabue, and Laura Bonati (2018).
Scientific reports, 8, 16207.   (PubMed)

The Pregnane X Receptor (PXR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor belonging to the nuclear receptor family. PXR can bind diverse drugs and environmental toxicants with different binding modes, making it an intriguing target for drug discovery. Here we investigated the binding mechanism of the SR12813 ligand to elucidate the significant steps, from the ligand entrance pathway into the binding cavity, to the ligand-induced conformational changes, and to the exploration of its alternative binding geometries. We used the advanced Molecular Dynamics-based methods implemented in the BiKi suite and developed specific methodological approaches to overcome the complexity induced by the buried and flexible binding cavity. The adopted methods provided a full dynamic description of the binding event and allowed rationalization of the observed multiple binding modes. These results suggest that the same approach could be exploited for the study of other binding processes with similar characteristics.

This work describes an example of using Smoothed or Scaled Molecular Dynamics (Scaled MD) in kinetic calculations.