Masato Yoshikawa, Morihisa Saitoh, Taisuke Katoh, Tomohiro Seki, Simone V Bigi, Yuji Shimizu, Tsuyoshi Ishii, Takuro Okai, Masako Kuno, Harumi Hattori, Etsuro Watanabe, Kumar S Saikatendu, Hua Zou, Masanori Nakakariya, Takayuki Tatamiya, Yoshihisa Nakada, and Takatoshi Yogo (2018).
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 61, 2384-2409.   (PubMed)

We report the discovery of 7-oxo-2,4,5,7-tetrahydro-6 H-pyrazolo[3,4- c]pyridine derivatives as a novel class of receptor interacting protein 1 (RIP1) kinase inhibitors. On the basis of the overlay study between HTS hit 10 and GSK2982772 (6) in RIP1 kinase, we designed and synthesized a novel class of RIP1 kinase inhibitor 11 possessing moderate RIP1 kinase inhibitory activity and P-gp mediated efflux. The optimization of the core structure and the exploration of appropriate substituents utilizing SBDD approach led to the discovery of 22, a highly potent, orally available, and brain-penetrating RIP1 kinase inhibitor with excellent PK profiles. Compound 22 significantly suppressed necroptotic cell death both in mouse and human cells. Oral administration of 22 (10 mg/kg, bid) attenuated disease progression in the mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of multiple sclerosis (MS). Moreover, analysis of structure-kinetic relationship (SKR) for our novel chemical series was also discussed.

This work describes an example of using Linear Regression of Kinetic Data with Chemical Descriptors in kinetic calculations.